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Ultramarine Kingfisher - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Joe H
Guadalcanal Island, 26 July 2012
Todiramphus leucopygius


21 cm.

  • Dark blue head and upperparts
  • White collar and back
  • Lilac lower rump
  • White underparts
  • Rufous untertail-coverts
  • Black bill

Females are similar but have a dark purple-blue back and lower mantle (not white).
Juveniles have buffy underparts and blackish barring on breast and collar.


Eastern and central Solomon Islands, from Buka and Bougainville through Shortlands, Choiseul, Santa Isabel and the Floridas to Guadalcanal.
A restricted-range species. Rare in some parts (e.g. on Choiseul), fairly common in others (e.g. on Guadalcanal).


This is a monotypic species.


Found in dense primary and, more common, in secondary lowland forest. Also in Casuarina groves, scrubland and wooded gardens.
Occurs from sea-level up to 2000m.



Feeds on insects and spiders. Sits quietly on trees and wires, watching for prey.


Breeding season from August to October on Bougainville. The nest is dug into arboreal termitarium.


Presumably a sedentary species.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 2001. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 6: Mousebirds to Hornbills. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334306
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2014. IOC World Bird Names (version 4.1). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.

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