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Eurypyga helias
Subspecies major
Photo © by the late Jim Wood
Costa Rica, 22 November 2008
Subspecies major
Photo © by peterday
Costa Rica , July 2023


43–48 cm (17-19 in)
Black head with 2 white lines, upperparts vermiculated brown and black. Throat and vent white, belly pale buff.


Central and South America: found from southern Mexico to northern Bolivia and Amazonian Brazil


Subspecies helias
Photo © by max1
NE Colombia, February 2016


There are 3 subspecies1:

  • E. h. major:
  • E. h. meridionalis:
  • Threatened; south-central Peru (Junín and Cuzco)
  • E. h. helias:


Humid lowland forests; wooded streams or creeks at elevations of up to 909 m.


Subspecies meridionalis
Photo by Juninho
Tambopata-Candamo Reserved Zone, Peru, October 2005


The diet consists of insects, such as beetles, flies, spiders, moths, cockroaches and dragonflies etc.


They build a domed nest in a tree and 2 grey eggs are normally laid.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2016)

Recommended Citation

External Links

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