- Calidris himantopus
18-23 cm (7-9 in)
- Long, yellowish-green legs
- Long neck
- Long bill, slightly drooping at the tip
- Grey tail
- Wings plain
- White supercilium
Breeding plumage heavily barred on the underside, with dark blotches on the back, and chestnut cheek patch; rump mottled dark on white.
Nonbreeding plumage all gray on back with lighter belly; rump white.
Juvenile browner above, with dark mantle feathers fringed red-brown and wing coverts fringed whitish giving a 'scaly' appearance; buffy breast grading into white belly; rump white.
Plain upperwing with no obvious wing bars; underwing with white axillaries.
Lesser Yellowlegs, Curlew Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper.
Breeds on tundra close to the Arctic Sea coasts of northern Alaska, northern Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut, and the Hudson Bay shore of Manitoba. On migration on open freshwater pools throughout North and northern South America, though scarce west of the Great Plains. Winters in South America from Peru to northern Argentina; a few also winter in Florida and southern California.
Vagrant to Europe, including the British Isles, mostly adults in late summer.
This is a monotypic species.
The Stilt Sandpiper was formerly placed in the genus Micropalama by most authorities, but this treatment was found to leave the genus Calidris paraphyletic.
Salt marshes, mudflats. Sedge meadows.
Often wades in deep water, often mixing with other Calidris species or with Long-billed Dowitchers and Lesser Yellowlegs.
It nests on the ground, 3-4 eggs are laid.
The diet includes insects and other invertebrates.
Flight call: recalls Curlew Sandpiper's trrrp.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
- Birdforum Member observations
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Stilt Sandpiper. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 10 June 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Stilt_Sandpiper
GSearch checked for 2020 platform.