• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Sri Lanka Spurfowl - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Ceylon Spurfowl

Photo by Dave 2x
Sinharaja, Sri Lanka, March 2015
Galloperdix bicalcarata


37 cm

  • Brown upperparts, wings and tail
  • Red facial skin patch
  • Whitish throat
  • Red legs


  • Scaly black and white underparts and head
  • Extensive white spotting on the brown wings and upperback
  • Legs have two long spurs
Photo by firecrest15 and Dave Thrussell
Sinharaja Forest Reserve, south-western Sri Lanka, March 2010

Female: chestnut underparts and a plain brown back and wings.


Asia: endemic to southern Sri Lanka.


This is a monotypic species[1].


Rainforest dense interior.



It is a ground nesting bird, which lays 2-5 eggs in a scrape.


It is terrestrial, scratching amongst the leaf litter of the forest floor for various seeds, fallen fruit and insects.


Song: Very loud, long and explosive. The male is answered by the female in the middle of its operatic delivery which excites him to even greater sonic heights.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Wikipedia
  3. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links