• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Spectacled Bulbul - BirdForum Opus

Nominate subspecies
Photo © by the late Dr Manjeet Singh
F.R.I.M., Sg.Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia, 14 October 2007
Rubigula erythropthalmos

Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
Ixodia erythropthalmos


From Red-eyed Bulbul by smaller size and proportionately smaller and more rounded head. Upperparts dull brown with rufescent tinge on rump,ear coverts brown suffused with grey, throat whitish with greyish tinge, underparts ash-grey with undertail coverts tinged pale yellow; iris red(brown in Juvenile), narrow bright orange-yellow eyering perceivable only at close range. Size-16cm.


Myanmar through the Malay Peninsula to Sumatra, Borneo and intervening islands.



There are two subspecies[1]:

  • R. e. erythropthalmos:
  • R. e. salvadorii:


Forest and forests edges.


Frequents the middle and lower storeys. Less common then Cream-vented and Red-eyed Bulbul. Typically seen in small parties at fruiting trees and shrubs along the forest trails, usualy with other bulbuls.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.