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Southern Martin - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by tf1044x
Argentina, 2000
Progne elegans


Photo © by Stanley Jones
El 44 Reserva Natural de Tiempo Libre, Capilla del Monte, Córdoba Province, Argentina, October 2019

17 cm (6¾ in)

  • Dark glossy blue
  • Wings and tail darker
  • Deeply forked tail

Similar Species

Purple Martin, which is longer and has an even more deeply forked tail.


South America: found in Colombia, Suriname, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina

Accidental vagrant to Florida (1 record).


Monotypic after the split of Galapagos Martin and Peruvian Martin.

The pre-split species was called Southern Martin, Progne modesta.


Forests, and open and semi-open areas, dry grassland, woodlands, pastures and urban areas.



They eat a variety of insects, such as moths, dragonflies, wasps and ants.


They construct a nest from grass, twigs and feathers. It is placed in a hole using trees, cliffs, walls and house roofs.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Turner, A. (2020). Southern Martin (Progne elegans). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57716 on 23 February 2020

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