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Peruvian Martin - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Thibaud Aronson
Chilca, Lima, Peru, 12 February 2023

Alternative name: Chilean Martin

Progne murphyi


17 cm.

  • Dark steel-blue plumage, wings and tail blacker
  • Tail slightly forked, sometimes with indistinct white patch on sides

Females are duller and grey above with a steel-blue band across mid-back. Also paler and more uniform underparts.
Juveniles resemble females.

Similar species

Very similar to Purple Martin but has longer tail.


Coastal Peru (Piura south to Ica), rarely to northern Chile (Arica)
Uncommon in its small range. A poorly known species.


This is a monotypic species.
Split from Southern Martin and sometimes considerd conspecific with Galapagos Martin.


Found in open and semi-open areas, coastal cliffs, woodland, grassland, farmland and human habitations.
Occurs mainly along the coast but sometimes up to 1800 m.


Glides often, frequently slow flying.


No details known, probably similar to other Martins.


Not much known. The nest is in a hole in a cliff, tree or building.


Some post-breeding movements possible, numbers in southern Peru increase from January to April.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2004. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 9: Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334696

Recommended Citation

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