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Scaled Antpitta - BirdForum Opus

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Grallaria guatimalensis
Subspecies Grallaria guatimalensis princeps
Photo by Glen Tepke
San Gerardo de Dota, Costa Rica, August 2015



  • Grey nape
  • Olive brown crown and upperparts, feathers scaled black
  • Brown throat
  • Cinnamon underparts


Central and South America
Central America: Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.



There are 10 subspecies[1]:

  • G. g. ochraceiventris: southwestern Mexico (Jalisco to Hidalgo, Guerrero and Oaxaca)
  • G. g. binfordi: south central Mexico (México, Distrito Federal, Morelos, and north central Oaxaca)
  • G. g. guatimalensis: Southern Mexico (north-western Veracruz and Oaxaca) to northern Nicaragua
  • G. g. princeps: Subtropical Costa Rica to western Panama (Veraguas)
  • G. g. chocoensis: Mountains of eastern Panama (Darién) and north-western Colombia (Chocó)
  • G. g. aripoensis: Trinidad
  • G. g. roraimae: Tepuis of southern Venezuela, adjacent northern Brazil and western Guyana
  • G. g. carmelitae: Santa Marta Mountains (north-eastern Colombia) and Sierra de Perijá
  • G. g. regulus: Andes from western Venezuela south, on west slope, to northwestern Peru (Cajamarca) and, on east slope, to central Peru (Cuzco); also in lowlands of eastern Ecuador and extreme northern Peru. Subspecific identity of population in coastal mountains of northeastern Venezuela is undetermined
  • G. g. sororia: Southern Peru (Cusco) to central Bolivia (Santa Cruz)


Moist lowland forests and montanes.




It builds a cup nest of sticks and leaves low in a shrub, into which 2 eggs are laid.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill F, D Donsker & P Rasmussen (Eds). 2021. IOC World Bird List (v11.1). doi : 10.14344/IOC.ML.11.1. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Avibase

Recommended Citation

External Links

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