• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Sao Tome Olive Pigeon - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Maroon Pigeon

Columba thomensis


37-40 cm.

  • Dark slate-grey head
  • Lanceolate neck feathers
  • Deep maroon mantle
  • Slaty black back and rump, dark brown uppertail-coverts
  • Rich maroon underparts, faint white spotting on belly and flanks
  • Yellowish horn bill and yellow legs

Females are similar but duller, they only show some hints of maroon on their breast and wing-coverts but are mostly dark brown.
Juveniles are dark brown and lack the white spotting, their feathers are edged with chestnut.


Endemic to São Tomé, extinct on the tiny Isla das Rôlas south of the main island.
An endangered species with a very small range. Hunting and habitat loss are the main factors of the decline of the species which is now only reasonably common in a very small area above 1600 m.


This is a monotypic species.
Sometimes considered conspecific with Cameroon Olive Pigeon, African Olive Pigeon and Comoro Olive Pigeon. Speckled Wood Pigeon may also belong to this species group.


Primary evergreen forests.
Occurs from sea-level up to 2024 m. On eastern part of island only found above 1300 m.



Recorded to take berries.


No information.


Presumably a sedentary species.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2015)

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1