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Red-vented Bulbul - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies P. c. intermedius
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Dwarahat, Uttarakhand Himalayas, Alt. 5200 ft, India, 8 April 2017
Pycnonotus cafer


19–20 cm (7½-8 in)

  • Brownish-black upperparts
  • White rump
  • Brownish-black breast
  • White underparts
  • Red around the vent
  • Black head and small bushy crest
  • Long white-tipped tail

Sexes similar; young birds are duller

Subspecies P. c. humayuni
Photo © by Rajiv Lather
Karnal, India, June 2006


Asia: found in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and south-western China.

They have been introduced to many areas including Fiji, Hawaii, Texas, Bahrain, Argentina, Samoa,and Tonga. They are also commonly seen in urban parts of Dubai, the United Arab Emirates.



Subspecies P. c. haemorrhousus
Photo © by kctsang
Sri Lanka, 5 July 2010

There are 8 subspecies[1]:

  • P. c. intermedius: Himalayas (western Pakistan to western Uttar Pradesh)
  • P. c. humayuni: Pakistan (Salt Range) and north-western India
  • P. c. bengalensis: central and eastern Himalayas, the Gangetic Plain, and Bangladesh
  • P. c. wetmorei: North-eastern peninsula India
  • P. c. cafer: peninsular India
  • P. c. haemorrhousus: Sri Lanka
  • P. c. stanfordi: Northern Burma to extreme south-western China (western Yunnan)
  • P. c. melanchimus: South-central Burma (Mandalay to Rangoon)


Scrub, open dry deciduous woodland, plains and cultivated land, orchards and gardens.



They builds their nest in a bush; the clutch consists of 2-3 eggs.


The diet includes fruit, buds, nectar, insects and invertebrates.


A very noisy species

Recording by Alok Tewari
Janakpuri, Delhi, India, Sep.-2016
Call recorded in an urban garden, 7.15 am.

Recording by Alok Tewari
Janakpuri, Delhi, India, 22 April 2024
Summer song recorded before day-break, at 5.25 am; two individuals singing, one close and other at some distance/ three different calls of male Asian Koels are also heard.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2015)

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.