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Red-capped Cardinal - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Stanley Jones
Villa Carmen Lodge, Pilicopata, Cusco Department, Peru, September 2018
Paroaria gularis


16·5 cm (6½ in)
Glossy blue black above; entire head and upper throat scarlet; lores and large triangular patch on lower throat black extending onto chest; rest of underparts white.
Immature: scarlet on head replaced by buffy brown.


Southeast Colombia to southern Venezuela, the Guianas, Peru, Amazonian Brazil and northern Bolivia.



Two subspecies recognized[1]:

Masked Cardinal was formerly considered conspecific; Yellow-billed Cardinal on the other hand might become included under Red-capped Cardinal.


Swamps, mangroves and open areas near water.



They forage on the ground. Their diet consists of a variety of vegetable matter, from seeds to berries, with the addition of some arthropods.


Breeding takes place from June to September. The nest is a shallow cup, about 9-10 cm wide and 7 cm high and is built in a tree. It is built of thin twigs, and ferns. 2-3 eggs are laid.


Song a clear, sweet suweet-ch, repeated at short intervals; call a soft chup.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Birdforum Taxonomy thread read in June 2009
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved April 2016)

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