• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Yellow-billed Cardinal - BirdForum Opus

Adult, nominate subspecies
Photo © by Wes Syposz
Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil, 25 April 2007
Paroaria capitata


16½ cm (6½ in)

  • Pinkish-yellow bill
  • Red cap
  • Black bib
  • White collar which almost meets at the back of the neck

Juveniles have a brownish head.

Photo © by Bob Sheldon
Keauhou, Hawaii, USA, 21 January 2012


South America: found in Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina. Introduced on the Island of Hawaii.



There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • P. c. capitata:
  • P. c. fuscipes:
  • South-eastern Bolivia (Fortín Campero region in Tarija)


A wide variety of habitats from pantanal, river edges, moist shrubland and city parks.



Their varied diet consists of seeds, berries, shoots and also insects.


Cup shaped nest built from fibers, short roots, and hair situated in a tree. Clutches are usually 3-4 greenish-ochre eggs with markings throughout.


Song is usually a melodious repetition of 2–3 notes in set pattern.




  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Arthur Grosset
  4. Jaramillo, A. (2020). Yellow-billed Cardinal (Paroaria capitata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62104 on 12 February 2020).
  5. Pratt, H.D., Bruner, P., and Berrett, D.G. (1987) A Field Guide to the Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press.
  6. Pyle, R.L., and P. Pyle. 2017. The Birds of the Hawaiian Islands: Occurrence, History, Distribution, and Status. B.P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, HI, U.S.A. Version 2 (1 January 2017) http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/birds/rlp-monograph/
  7. Yellow-billed Cardinal (Paroaria capitata), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/yebcar

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1