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Orinoco Piculet - BirdForum Opus

Photo by COLOMBIA Birding
Mitu, SW Colombia, December 2011
Picumnus pumilus


9cm. A tiny woodpecker.

  • Dark brown cap with light spots
  • Pale buff lores
  • Blackish ear-coverts with variable white spots
  • White line behind eye
  • Brownish-green upperparts
  • Pale yellowish to buff-white underparts dark brown barred
  • Male with yellowish forecrown

Juveniles are greener above and less prominently marked.

Similar species

Lafresnaye's Piculet is slightly bigger, has reddish forehead streaks, lighter and barred upperparts and lighter ear-coverts.


South America: found in eastern Colombia, adjacent southern Venezuela (southern Amazonas) and north-western Brazil.
Poorly known restricted-range species.


This is a monotypic species[1].
Forms a superspecies with Lafresnaye's Piculet.


Humid forest. Occurs from lowlands up to 300m, locally up to 500m.


No information on diet. Feeds presumably on ants and small insects.
Forages from lower level up to the canopy.
No information about breeding.
Probably a resident species.


  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 2002. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 7: Jacamars to Woodpeckers. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334375
  3. Avibase

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