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Mountain Tailorbird - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by viator
Doi Inthanon National Park, Thailand, September 2009

Alternative name: Leafworker

Phyllergates cucullatus

Orthotomus cuculatus


Female, subspecies stentor
Photo © by julienl
Lore Lindu National Park, Sulawesi, May 2018

10–12 cm (4-4¾ in)

  • Greenish upperparts
  • Short whitish supercilium
  • White throat and breast
  • Yellow underparts


Asia: found in China, Tibet
South Asia: India, Eastern Himalayas, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Hong Kong
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Malay Peninsula, Brunei, Philippines, Borneo, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, Bali


Male, subspecies stentor
Photo © by julienl
Lore Lindu National Park, Sulawesi, May 2018

This species was formerly included in the genus Orthotomus.
The scientific name is also spelled cuculatus.


There are 14 subspecies[1]:

  • P. c. coronatus: Mountains of eastern Nepal to north-eastern India, south-western China, northern Thailand, Laos, Vietnam
  • P. c. thais: Mountains of peninsula Thailand (south of Isthmus of Kra)
  • P. c. malayanus: Malay Peninsula
  • P. c. cucullatus: Sumatra, Java and Bali
  • P. c. cinereicollis: Mountains of north-eastern Borneo (Kinabalu to Mulu and Tama Abu Range)
  • P. c. philippinus: North Luzon (northern Philippines)
  • P. c. viridicollis: Mountains of Palawan (south-western Philippines)
  • P. c. riedeli: North Sulawesi
  • P. c. stentor: North-central and south-eastern Sulawesi
  • P. c. meisei: South-central Sulawesi (Latimojong Mountains)
  • P. c. hedymeles: southwestern Sulawesi (Moncong Lompobatang)
  • P. c. relictus: Peleng (Banggai Islands)
  • P. c. sulanus: Taliabu (Sula Islands)
  • P. c. batjanensis: Mountains of Bacan Island (northern Moluccas)
  • P. c. dumasi: South Moluccas (Buru and Seram)
  • P. c. everetti: Flores (western Lesser Sundas)


Broadleaf evergreen forests, where they favour bushy thickets, bamboo and dangling tangles.



They usually forage in pairs or small family parties. There is not much information but they appear to eat insects and small invertebrates.


They seem to time their breeding to coincide with the wet season.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2018)

Recommended Citation

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