• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Mealy Parrot - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies farinosa
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Camp Darién, Darién Province, Panama, February 2018

Alternative name: Mealy Amazon

Amazona farinosa

Includes: Northern Mealy Amazon, Southern Mealy Amazon


38-43 cm (15-17 in)

  • Green plumage
  • Paler face and underparts
  • Back and nape have a whitish tinge
  • Red speculum
  • Brownish-maroon to amber eyes
  • Broad white eye-ring

Subspecies Variation

Photo © by AWPittman
Amazon Rain Forest, Ecuador, December 2014

To distinguish races virenticeps from guatemalae away from their natural habitat look for the extension of the blue on the head. Race virenticeps has the front and sometimes the area above the eyes bluish. Sometimes mixed with some very small yellow or even red feathers. From the back of the head down the nape there is a dark-grey patch of feathers (nominate farinosa has a dark black scalloping). Depending on the lightfall it might sometimes show a purple haze. Extension varies between individuals. Race guatemalae has the blue all over the crown to the back of the head and no dark grey towards the nape. The blue may vary from a soft-powder blue to rather dark blue.
Bill colour is variable in both subspecies: Completely grey, greyish or horn-coloured with a blackish tip or even complete shiny black.


Subspecies farinosa
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Chuncho Macaw Clay Lick, Puerto Maldonado, Reserva Nacional Tambopata, Madre de Dios Department, Peru, August 2018

Central and South America
Central America: Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil.



There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • A. f. guatemalae:
  • A. f. virenticeps:
  • A. f. farinosa:

Two additional subspecies inornata and chapmani are generally considered invalid[1].

It has been proposed to separate the two first subspecies into Blue-crowned Parrot (Amazon). However Gill and Donsker have split this species, farinosa as Southern Mealy Amazon and guatemalae and virenticeps as Northern Mealy Amazon.


Humid to semi-humid lowland forest and plantations.



They nest in a tree hole. The 3 eggs are incubated by the female for 28 days. The male feeds both the female (whilst she is incubating) and later the chicks, with regurgitated food.


The diet includes fruits, seeds, berries, nuts, blossoms, and leaf buds.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.2). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Avibase
  4. BF Member observations
  5. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved January 2016)
  6. Wikipedia
  7. Birdforum thread which discussed this possible split of Mealy Parrot in posts starting with number 148

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1