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Little Bustard - BirdForum Opus

Breeding male
Photo © by Steve Fletcher
Near Santa Marta de Magasca, Extremadura, Spain
Tetrax tetrax


Photo © by john-henry
Extremadura, Spain, February 2006

Male 40–45 cm (15¾-17¾); Female 40–43 cm (15¾-17 in)

  • Small head on long neck
  • Long legged
  • Brown above and white below

Breeding Male

  • Grey face
  • Black neck with white "V" below throat
  • White band on upper breast

Female is marked darker below than the male
Immature birds resemble females.


Europe, Africa and Asia. Western Europe: France, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, Latvia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Albania,Bulgaria, Ukraine
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Moldova
Middle East: Turkey, Syria, Israel, Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
Asia: Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China
South Asia; Pakistan


This is a monotypic species[1].


Open grassland.



Their varied diet consists of beetles, grasshoppers and some invertebrates. They also eat vegetable matter such as shoots, leaves, flowers and seeds.


Their clutch contains 2 to 6 eggs in a ground scrape. Incubation takes 20-22 days.



  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2019)
  3. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition

Recommended Citation

External Links

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