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Javan Kingfisher - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Mat & Caty
Near Ubud, Bali, September 2009

Alternative name: Blue-bellied Kingfisher

Halcyon cyanoventris


22cm. A medium-sized, dark Kingfisher.

  • Rich dark brown head
  • Deep rufous collar and breast
  • Dark purple body
  • Turquoise-blue primary coverts, secondaries and tail
  • White wing patch on base of dark-tipped primaries, very prominent in flight
  • Red bill

Juveniles are duller, have a whitish throat and a brownish-orange bill.


Only found on Java and Bali, Indonesia.
Fairly common but range seems to be contracting due unknown reasons.


This is a monotypic species.
Forms a superspecies with White-throated Kingfisher and is sometimes considered conspecific.


Found in a variety of open habitats like pastures, fish ponds, coastal scrub, mangroves, open dry forest, paddyfields, dried marshes and gardens and parks.
Occurs from sea-level up to 1500m.


Feeds mainly on insects but takes also fish, frogs, shrimps and larvae of water beetles.
Often on a perch from where it flies down to catch prey on the ground or at water's edge.
Breeding season from February to September. The nest is a self-dugged hole in a bank near a watercourse, in a ditch or an earth mound. The tunnel is 1m long and the entrance in a sunny position. Lays 3 to 5 eggs.
A sedentary species.


  1. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 2001. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 6: Mousebirds to Hornbills. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334306
  2. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist

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