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Hill Partridge - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by vaibhav mishra
Nainital, Uttarakhand, India, March 2012
Arborophila torqueola


28–30 cm (11-11¾ in)

  • Chestnut forehead, crown, nape and cheek patch
  • Long dark supercilium
  • White throat
  • Black and white streaked neck
  • White upper breast


Asia: China, Tibet, Nepal, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas and Bhutan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Vietnam



There are 4 subspecies[1]:

  • A. t. millardi:
  • A. t. torqueola:
  • A. t. interstincta
  • Northeastern India (Assam)
  • A. t. batemani:
  • Northern Myanmar to south-western China (western Yunnan and south-western Sichuan)
  • A. t. griseata:


Evergreen hill forests and scrub, generally between 1500 m and 3000 m.



Their main diet consists of berries, seeds and fruit; also insects, small molluscs and sometimes larvae. They forage in groups of 5-10, scratching in the leaf litter.


They are thought to be monogamous.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2018)

Recommended Citation

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