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Grey Francolin - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies F. p. interpositus breeding pair
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Dist. Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, May-2018
Ortygornis pondicerianus

Francolinus pondicerianus


30–35 cm (11¾-13¾ in)

  • Greyish-brown overall plumage with white barring


Subspecies mecranensis
Photo © by Seyed Babak Mus
Near to Minab town in the south of Iran, January 2005

Middle East and Asia
Middle East: Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Iran
Asia Nepal
South Asia: Pakistan, India, Western Himalayas and Sri Lanka.

Introdoced to many countries, including Hawaii.


This is a polytypic species[1] consisting of 3 subspecies.


  • O. p. mecranensis:
  • O. p. interpositus:
  • North-western India and Pakistan
  • O. p. pondicerianus:


Photo © by vaibhav mishra
Kutch, Gujarat, India, January 2010

Grassland, dry deciduous forest, thorn scrub, edges of cultivation, semi desert, open agricultural fields and wetlands; often near habitations.



Their diet consists of weed and cereal seeds. Also berries and shoots of grass and crops.


Recording by Alok Tewari
Dist. Gurgaon, Haryana, India, August-2016
Call given just at Sunset by one individual, Ssp. interpositus


Territorial male fighting
Photo by Vipul Ramanuj
Tal Chhapar, Rajasthan, India, November 2016
  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2015)
  4. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1