• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Somali Crow - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Ethiopian Raven)
Photo by volker sthamer
Langano, Ethiopia, August 2008

Alternative names: Ethiopian Raven; Dwarf Raven; Somali Raven; Lesser Brown-necked Raven

Corvus edithae


46cm. A large raven.

  • Mostly black plumage
  • Glossed dark green on crown and upperparts
  • Glossed violet on upperwing and tail
  • Shiny brown nape, upper mantle, throat and side of neck

Similar species

Differs from Common Raven by much smaller size, shorter throat hackles, brown colour on head and neck and narrower wings with more pointed wingtip.


Found in Eritrea, Djibouti, eastern and southern Ethiopia, Somalia, extreme southeastern South Sudan, and northern Kenya.
Common and widespread in its range.


This is a monotypic species.
Formerly considered conspecific with Brown-necked Raven but may be closer related to Pied Crow.


Semi-desert and desert, dry savanna. Also in oasis, desert settlements and rubbish dumps.


Omnivorous. The diet includes carrion, snakes, locusts, grasshoppers, fruit and grain. Known to kill newborn lambs and gazelles.
Breeding season differs through range. It nest in trees or on cliffs; 4-5 eggs are laid and incubated for 20-22 days. The young fledge 37 or 38 days later.
A sedentary species.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507

Recommended Citation

External Links