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Virginia Rail - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Ecuadorian Rail)

Includes Ecuadorian Rail

Rallus limicola


  • Rufous breast
  • Long, slightly decurved bill
  • Red bill and legs
  • Grey face
  • Black and white barring on flanks
  • Brown streaking on back
Photo by jvhigbee
Soap Lake, Washington, US, September 2003

Similar Species

Similar to King Rail, but king rail is much larger, with light brownish bill and legs, less grey in face.


Nova Scotia to California and North Carolina; southwestern Colombia to western Peru; southern Chile and Argentina.



  • R. l. limicola - Southern Canada and US; winters to Baja and Guatemala
  • R. l. friedmanni - South-eastern Mexico (Puebla, México, Veracruz and Chiapas)
  • R. l. aequatorialis - Andes of extreme southern Colombia (Nariño and extreme western Putumayo) and of Ecuador (south to northern Loja)
  • R. l. meyerdeschauenseei - coast of Peru (La Libertad to Arequipa); possibly formerly occurred north to northwestern Ecuador (Imbabura)

The last two subspecies are sometimes considered a separate species, "Ecuadorian Rail".


Shallow freshwater marshes with emergent vegetation.



The diet includes insects and aquatic animals.


The nest is a platform composed of cattails and other plants in a dry area in the marsh. The clutch consists of 5 to 13 eggs. Both adults care for the young.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2022. IOC World Bird List (v 12.2) DRAFT. Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.12.2. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.