Includes Ecuadorian Rail
- Rallus limicola
- Rufous breast
- Long, slightly decurved bill
- Red bill and legs
- Grey face
- Black and white barring on flanks
- Brown streaking on back
Similar to King Rail, but king rail is much larger, with light brownish bill and legs, less grey in face.
- R. l. limicola - Southern Canada and US; winters to Baja and Guatemala
- R. l. friedmanni - South-eastern Mexico (Puebla, México, Veracruz and Chiapas)
- R. l. aequatorialis - Andes of extreme southern Colombia (Nariño and extreme western Putumayo) and of Ecuador (south to northern Loja)
- R. l. meyerdeschauenseei - coast of Peru (La Libertad to Arequipa); possibly formerly occurred north to northwestern Ecuador (Imbabura)
The last two subspecies are sometimes considered a separate species, "Ecuadorian Rail".
Shallow freshwater marshes with emergent vegetation.
The diet includes insects and aquatic animals.
The nest is a platform composed of cattails and other plants in a dry area in the marsh. The clutch consists of 5 to 13 eggs. Both adults care for the young.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2022. IOC World Bird List (v 12.2) DRAFT. Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.12.2. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Virginia Rail. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 28 November 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Virginia_Rail
GSearch checked for 2020 platform.