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Crested Kingfisher - BirdForum Opus

Pair : Female(L) Male(R) subspecies M. l. continentalis
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Dist. Nainital, India, 28 October 2011
Megaceryle lugubris

Ceryle lugubris



  • Black and white barred above
  • White underparts
  • Rufous breast band (male)
  • White specked breast band (female)
  • Barred wings and tail
  • Spotted breast
  • Pink cinnamon underwing-coverts
Female, subspecies M. l. guttulata
Photo © by Yeshey Dorji
Begana, western Bhutan, 4 November 2004


Asia: found in Russia, Afghanistan, China, Tibet, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Bangladesh, Bhutan, North Korea, Japan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand.



Male subspecies M. l. continentalis
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Kainchi Ashram, Bhowali, India, 11 April 2011

There are 4 subspecies[1]:

  • M. l. continentalis:
  • Western Himalayas (Kashmir to central Bhutan)
  • M. l. guttulata:
  • M. l. pallida:
  • Southern Kuril Islands and Hokkaido
  • M. l. lugubris:
  • Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu


Mountain rivers, and large foothill rivers.



The diet includes fish.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Arthur Grosset

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