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Chinese Francolin - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies pintadeanus
Photo © by Godwin Chan
Hong Kong, 6 July 2020
Francolinus pintadeanus


31–34 cm (12¼-13½ in)

  • Mottled black and white
  • White cheek patch
  • White throat with black bar
  • Rufous stripe extending above eye to back of head
  • Curved blue black bill

Female: similar, duller, lacks spurs


Subspecies phayrei
Photo © by jaray
Bangpra, Thailand, 5 August 2007

Asia: China, India and Hong Kong
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Philippines.



There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • F. p. phayrei:
  • F. p. pintadeanus:
  • South-eastern China and Hainan


Forests, grassland and scrub.




The nest is a ground scrape lined with grass, dry leaves and occasionally feathers. The clutch contains 4-5 are cream-coloured eggs.


The diet consists mostly of seeds, fruit and insects.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. McGowan, P.J.K. and G. M. Kirwan (2020). Chinese Francolin (Francolinus pintadeanus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.chifra1.01
  4. gbwf.org
  5. sunzi1.lib

Recommended Citation

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