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Chestnut-collared Longspur - BirdForum Opus

Calcarius ornatus
Photo by DarrenMcKenna
Alberta, Canada, July, 2009


Breeding Adult identified easily with rufous nape, cream-colored throat and black belly.
Nonbreeding Adult has bold white wingbars and hint of rufous on nape.
Juvenile is identified by the short primary projection and blury streaking on belly.


Photo by atricapillus
Wichita Mountains, Oklahoma, December 2005

Breeds from southeastern Alberta to southern Manitoba south to Montana, eastern Wyoming, and the Dakotas. Winters from southern Arizona and most of New Mexico east to southwestern Kansas, western and central Oklahoma, and most of Texas (except the very eastern part). In migration found in Wyoming, Colorado, Nebraska, and Oklahoma.

Vagrant to both coasts with the most records in California.

Accidental to inland states and provinces that are not part of regular range.


This is a monotypic species[1].


Both short and long grass praries.



The nest is a grass cup or a shallow ground scrape. The clutch consists of 4-5 eggs; both adults feed the young.


The diet includes seeds and insects.


Call: two-syllabled chee dee.


  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links