- Melanocorypha calandra
17.5–20 cm long
- Streaked grey brown upperparts
- White underparts
- Large black patches on breast sides
- White supercilium
- Short broad wings, dark below
- Short white-edged tail
- Yellowish-brown bill
Europe, Africa, Middle East and Asia
Eastern Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Finland, Faroe Islands, France, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Moldova
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
Asia: Russia, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Mongolia
There are 4 subspecies:
- M. c. calandra:
- M. c. hebraica:
- M. c. gaza:
- M. c. psammochroa:
- Northern Iraq and northern Iran to Turkmenistan and eastern Kazakhstan
Steppe and open cultivation, dry open country, grassland, farmland.
May form sizeable winter flocks.
Walks or runs. Flight similar to Eurasian Skylark but more bouncy.
It nests on the ground. The clutch consists of 4–5 eggs.
The diet includes seeds supplemented with insects in the breeding season.
Song: reminiscent of Skylark, but more melodic.
Call: varied. schreeep, treeh or trip, trip.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728
- Collins Field Guide 5th Edition ISBN 0 00 219900 9
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Calandra Lark. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 5 June 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Calandra_Lark
GSearch checked for 2020 platform.