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Brown Rock Chat - BirdForum Opus

Alternative names: Brown Chat; Indian Chat

Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon, Haryana, India, August-2016
Oenanthe fusca

Cercomela fusca


17 cm (6¾ in)

  • Dark brown overall plumage
  • Wings darker
  • Blackish tail
  • Rufous-tinged supercilium


Photo © by Alok Tewari
Mangar Bani, Aravali Hills, Faridabad-Gurgaon Road, Haryana, India, June-2018

North India and north-western Pakistan.


This is a monotypic species.
It's placed in genus Cercomela by Clements.


Low rocky hills, ravines, scrubby trees, urban vegetation, open countryside. wilderness and farmland, road side areas, often near human habitation/groves.



Their insectivorous diet consists of beetles, ants, spiders and other, mostly ground insects. They have been seen feeding at night on insects attracted to lights.


They nest from February to August, though usually from April to June. The nest is a cup formed from plant fibres, hair and wool positioned in a crevice. The 3-4 pale blue eggs have rusty spots at the large end. The young fledge after about 15 days from hatching. There may be 2 or 3 broods in the season.


Recording © by Alok Tewari
Residential Block, Delhi, India, 29 March, 2019.
Spring/early summer song given before day-break ( 4.45 a.m. ).

We have always heard this song, given by Brown Rock Chat, before or around day-break; a resident species in this area.

Recording © by Alok Tewari
Residential Block, Sector-19, Faridabad, Haryana, India, 3 May, 2024 ... 5.24 am


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2011. IOC World Bird Names (version 2.10). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. enotes.com
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved September 2016)

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