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Brown-hooded Parrot - BirdForum Opus

Pyrilia haematotis
Photo by Reini
Costa Rica, February 2005


21 cm

  • Green body
  • Olive breast
  • Brown head and neck
  • Red ear patch
  • Blue outer primaries
  • Red wing linings
  • Red sided tail
  • Pale eye ring and bill

Juveniles: paler, lacks red on head


Photo by DiggitalD
Parque Nacional Carara, Tarcoles, Costa Rica

Central and South America: found in south-east Mexico to Panama and western Colombia.


This species is sometimes placed in genus Pionopsitta.


There are 2 subspecies:

  • P. h. haematotis:
  • Humid forests of southern Caribbean Mexico to western Panama
  • P. h. coccinicollaris:

There seems to be a gap in central Panama between the two subspecies.

Rose-faced Parrot has been split from Brown-hooded Parrot.


Resident throughout the Caribbean lowlands and in Pacific lowlands breeding locally to ca.5250ft on adjacent mountain slopes,largely withdrawing to lower elevations following breeding.

Fairly common in partly or entirely forested districts.



It nests in an unlined tree cavity and the eggs are white.


The diet includes fruit and seeds.


  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. SACC proposal to use genus Pyrilia
  3. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

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