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Bright-rumped Attila - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Robert Scanlon
La Planada, Colombia, March 2006
Attila spadiceus


17–21·5 cm

  • Olive green, black streaked head
  • Chestnut or olive back
  • Bright yellow rump
  • Brown wings and tail
  • Two pale wing bars
  • Dark streaked whitish-yellow throat and breast
Subsepcies citreopyga
Photo by Stanley Jones
Bosque del Río Tigre Lodge, Osa Peninsula, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica, February 2015
  • White belly
  • Red iris
  • Hooked, slightly upturned bill

Sexes similar
Juvenile: cinnamon-fringed crown and brown iris


Central and South America
Central America: Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil



There are 12 subspecies[1]:

  • A. s. pacificus: Coastal north-western Mexico (extreme southern Sonora to western Oaxaca)
  • A. s. cozumelae: Cozumel Island (off Yucatán Peninsula of eastern Mexico)
  • A. s. gaumeri: Tropical northern Yucatán Peninsula; winters to Holbox and Meco Islands and Isla Mujeres
  • A. s. flammulatus: Tropical south-eastern Mexico (Veracruz) to El Salvador
  • A. s. salvadorensis: Tropical El Salvador to north-western Nicaragua
  • A. s. citreopyga: Tropical south-eastern Honduras and Nicaragua to western Panama
  • A. s. sclateri: Tropical eastern Panama and north-western Colombia (upper Sinú Valley)
  • A. s. caniceps: Tropical northern Colombia (middle Magdalena and lower Sinú valleys)
  • A. s. parvirostris: Santa Marta Mountains (north-eastern Colombia) and north-western Venezuela
  • A. s. parambae: Western Colombia (Río Atrato to Nariño) and north-western Ecuador
  • A. s. spadiceus: Eastern Colombia to the Guianas, north-eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, northern Brazil; winters to Trinidad
  • A. s. uropygiatus: South-eastern Brazil (Alagoas and Bahia to Rio de Janeiro)


Secondary rain forest edges, humid lowland forest, pasture, plantations and shady gardens from 130 m to 2,100m.



The diet includes insects, spiders, frogs and lizards.


They build a deep cup nest from mosses, leaves and plant fibre. The clutch consists of 2 dull white or pink eggs with lilac or rufous markings; these are inncubated by the female for 14-15 days. The young fledge 17 days later.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2015

Recommended Citation

External Links

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