- Monticola solitarius
20–23 cm (7¾-9 in)
- Blue-grey plumage
- Darker wings and tail
Female variable and immature
- Dark brown upperparts
- Pale brown scaly underparts
Male of East Asian subspecies philippenis has chestnut underparts. Southeast Asian subspecies madoci small and short-tailed.
Southern Europe, north-western Africa (wintering to north-eastern and central Africa), Siberia to central Asia to northern China and Malaysia.
There are 5 subspecies:
- M. s. solitarius:
- Southern Europe, north-western Africa and Middle East; winters to central Africa
- M. s. longirostris:
- M. s. pandoo:
- M. s. philippensis:
- M. s. madoci:
Fairly conspicuous on exposed rocky slopes, road cuts even through forests, open areas including parks, and along rocky streams and rivers (on wintering grounds).
They nest on steep cliffs in rock cavities and walls. The clutch consists of 3-5 eggs.
The diet vertebrates, small vertebrates, insects and fruit. Insects include grasshoppers, locusts and crickets.
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- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Collar, N. (2019). Blue Rock-thrush (Monticola solitarius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/58415 on 26 March 2019).
- Clement, P. & Hathway, R. (2000) Thrushes. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton.
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Blue Rock Thrush. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 9 June 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Blue_Rock_Thrush
GSearch checked for 2020 platform.