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Blue-and-white Kingfisher - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by martinuk
Foli, Halmahera, Maluku Utara, Indonesia, October 2009
Todiramphus diops

Todirhamphus diops
Halcyon diops


  • Bright azure-blue upperparts
  • Gleaming white underside.
  • All dark bill.
  • Female shows a diagnostic blue chest band
  • Male is entirely white underneath with a white collar.
  • White wing patches visible in flight.
  • Juvenile has rufous spot beside bill and rufous collar and flanks.

Similar Species

The larger Collared Kingfisher has green tones above and a pale mandible.


Indonesia: found in Halmahera, Ternate, Morotai, Bacan, Obi and adjacent Moluccas


This is a monotypic species[1]. Was previously Halcyon diops. The Sibley-Monroe (1993) spelling of the scientific name (Todirhamphus diops) is incorrect. Clements (2007) and Howard & Moore both use Todiramphus diops. More details in this discussion. Formerly lumped with Lazuli Kingfisher

Photo © by martinuk
Foli, Halmahera, Maluku Utara, Indonesia, October 2009


Open wooded country, plantations, degraded forest and forest edge in the lowlands and foothills, avoiding dense forest.


Typically found in pairs.


Poorly known. It reportedly nests in a cavity.


The diet includes grasshoppers.


Call is a short, strident “rit-tu-tu-tu-tu-tu-rit.”


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. BirdForum Member observations
  3. Woodall, P. F. (2020). Blue-and-white Kingfisher (Todiramphus diops), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.bawkin1.01

Recommended Citation

External Links

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