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Black-throated Tit - BirdForum Opus

Alternative names: Red-headed Tit; Black-throated Bushtit

Subspecies A. c. iredalai
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Ranikhet, Altitude 6500 feet, Uttarakhand, Himalayas, India, 31 October 2022
Aegithalos concinnus

Includes: Grey-Crowned Tit

Identification

Subspecies annamensis
Photo © by Michael Hooper
Dalat, Vietnam, April 2018

10·5 cm (4 in)
A widespread and common long-tailed tit with marked geographical variation.
Iredalai-group:

  • Rufous crown
  • Black throat-patch below white chin
  • Small whitish supercilium
  • Cool grey above
  • Whitish below with rufescent flanks
  • Pale yellow iris

Annamensis-group:

  • Crown grey
  • No whitish supercilium, generally less white on head
  • Greyish-white below

Concinnus-group:

  • Chestnut flanks
  • Chestnut lower breast band
  • Whitish central belly
  • pulchellus with grey crown, others with rufous crown

The sexes are similar, juveniles have paler caps.

Fledglings : black on throat is yet to appear
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Sattal Forest, Altitude 5500 feet, Uttarakhand, Himalayas, India, 7 April 2023

Distribution

Map-Black-throated Tit.jpg
Found from northern Pakistan east along the Himalayas to India, Nepal, Bhutan and northeast India. Also in northwest Burma, northwest Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and much of southern China, including Hainan and in Taiwan.
Legend

iredalai-group; year-round
annamensis-group; year-round
nominate group; year-round
Maps/Texts consulted1

Taxonomy

Subspecies concinnus
Photo © by MoonCake
Taiwan

Subspecies

Marked geographical variation. This species may represent an unresolved species swarm, further study is needed.
Six subspecies are recognized, forming three groups[3]:

  • iredalai-group:
    • A. c. iredalai from Pakistan east to northeast India. Some authors also accept rubricapillus in the central and eastern Himalayas.
  • annamensis-group:
  • nominate-group:

Habitat

Broadleaved (especially oak) and mixed forest up to 2700m, but also recorded higher up.

Behaviour

This species is mostly resident. Some erratic and altitudinal movements are known.
Very gregarious foraging usually in flocks of up to 40 birds. Often joins mixed-species parties.

Diet

Photo © by Bananafishbones
Taiwan, March 2019

Feeds on insects. Also known to take small seeds and fruits.

Breeding

Breeding season from February to May in China, March to May in the Himalayas. Single-brooded, sometimes with helpers. The nest is an oval ball made from lichen and moss, bound together with spider webs. It's placed in a fork up to 3m high or woven around twigs. 3 - 6 white or pale pink eggs are laid.

Vocalisation

Psip-psip notes and a chrr-chrr, trr-trr.
The recording here gives summer song.

Recording by Alok Tewari
Sat Tal Forest, Alt. 5500 ft above MSL, Uttarakhand Himalayas, India, April-2017

References

  1. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2008. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 13: Penduline-tits to Shrikes. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553453
  2. Rasmussen, PC and JC Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334672
  3. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

Recommended Citation

External Links


GSearch checked for 2020 platform. GSearch checked for 2020 platform.

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