• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Band-backed Wren - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by JWN Andrewes
Mountain Pine Ridge, Belize, March 2007
Campylorhynchus zonatus


16.5 cm

  • Brown-grey crown
  • Black nape
  • Upperparts and tail with heavy barring in black, tawny and white
  • White breast and throat, heavy black spots
  • Cinnamon belly

Young birds have duller upperparts and off-white to buff underparts.


Mexico to northwestern Ecuador, Costa Rica, northern Panama, northern Colombia adjacent to Panama, and northwestern Ecuador.



There are 7 subspecies[1]:

  • C. z. zonatus:
  • Eastern Mexico (eastern San Luis Potosí and northern Veracruz to northern Puebla)
  • C. z. restrictus:
  • C. z. vulcanius:
  • C. z. costaricensis:
  • C. z. panamensis:
  • C. z. curvirostris:
  • Northern Colombia (tropical base of Santa Marta Mountains)
  • C. z. brevirostris:

An eigth subspecies imparilis[2] is not recognised by all authorities


Lowlands and foothills in thinned forest or open woodland, scrub, second growth and around houses.



It builds a large spherical nest with a wide side entrance, often hidden amidst bromeliads. The three to five white eggs (either unmarked or with light brown spots) are incubated by the female for about two weeks. After breeding, families sleep together in dormitory nests throughout the year.


The diet includes insects, spiders and invertebrates.


  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.