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Baillon's Crake - BirdForum Opus

Nominate subspecies
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Basai Wetlands, Dist. Gurgaon, Haryana, India, 31 March 2015
Zapornia pusilla

Porzana pusilla


17–19 cm (6¾-7½)

  • Rufous-brown above with black marks
  • White loopy streaks on wing coverts
  • Underparts and cheeks grey
  • Flanks, belly and undertail coverts have black and white barring
  • Greyish-pink to olive-brown legs
Subspecies Z. p. palustris
Photo © by Mitcon
Adelaide, South Australia, September 2005
  • Long toes
  • Dull green bill
  • Red eyes
  • Narrow white leading edge on outer wing

Juvenile: lacks the grey cheeks and underparts, which are a rather dirty brown.

Similar Species

The Little Crake has no white streaks on the wing coverts.


From Europe and Africa to east Asia, Australia, and New Zealand.


Subspecies Z. p. intermedia Juvenile
Photo © by zykoay
Perdana Botanical Gardens, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, December 2015

Placed in genus Porzana by IOC.


There are 6 subspecies1:


Sedge beds. Areas of low, dense vegetation and small pools.


Subspecies Z. p. intermedia
Photo © by margitta
Isola Della Cona, Italy, 25 March 2011

Very secretive bird.


Weak flight, with dangling legs.
Walks or runs.


The diet consists mostly of aquatic insects and larvae.


They nest in a dry location in wet sedge bogs, laying 4-8 eggs.



  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2015)
  3. Collins Pocket Guide to British Birds 1966
  4. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  5. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6

Recommended Citation

External Links

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