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Andean Pygmy Owl - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Steve Blain
Tandayapa valley, Ecuador, December 2005
Glaucidium jardinii


15-16 cm.
Dark brown and rufous morphs. Rear neck shows a pale half collar, but very little "false eye" markings. Crown and back shows spotting to streaks of pale color. Underside should show a relatively large white throat spot if the bird stretches its neck. Otherwise underside with broad streaks of similar color to upperside. Tail shows 6-7 visible pale bars.
Eyes yellow, other bare parts yellowish-horn.


South America: found in the mountains of northern Colombia (including the Sierra de Perijá) to western Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru (north and west of the Marañón Valley).


Rufous morph
Photo by COLOMBIA Birding
East Andes, Colombia, February 2011

This is now a monotypic species.[1]

Andean Pygmy Owl has recently been split into three species, Costa Rican Pygmy Owl and Yungas Pygmy Owl being the other new species.


Moist montane forests, usually above 2000 m asl.


Often quite active during the day and therefore attracts mobbing small birds. Has an undulating flight.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. König, C. and F. Weick 2008. Owls of the World, second edition. Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 978-0-7136-6548-2

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GSearch checked for 2020 platform.