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Yellow-rumped Cacique - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 22:23, 3 November 2017 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (References updated)
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Photo by Stanley Jones
Salsipuedes, Junín, Peru, August 2017
Cacicus cela


Male 28 cm (11 in); female 23 cm (9 in)

  • Black overall plumage
  • Bright lower back, yellow rump, upper tail coverts, lower belly and wing epaulets
  • Long tail
  • Blue eyes
  • Pale yellow pointed bill

Female: smaller and duller than the male; juvenile resembles the female, with dark eyes and a brown bill base.


Central and South America
Central America: Panama, Trinidad
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil



There are three subspecies[1]:

  • C. c. vitellinus:
  • C. c. flavicrissus:
  • Tropical western Ecuador to extreme north-western Peru (Tumbes)
  • C. c. cela:


Open woodland or pastures with large trees; gallery and forest edges, savanna and plantations.



They breed colonially, with up to 100 other pairs using the same tree, which may also house a wasp nest.

The sac-shaped nest is built by the female, who also incubates the eggs and takes care of the young.

The suspended nest is about 30-45 cm long. The clutch consists of 2 white to pale blue eggs with dark blotches. Incubation last 13-14 days with the young fledging after 34-40 days.


The diet consists of insects, arthropods, fruit and nectar.


They have a wide range of calls, imitating not only a number of other birds, but also monkeys and otters.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved January 2016)
  4. AvianWeb
  5. BF Member observations

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