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White-necked Jacobin - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 19:32, 9 October 2023 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (→‎External Links: Corrected category spelling)
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Subspecies flabellifera
Photo by Steve G
Arnos Vale, Tobago, July 2006
Florisuga mellivora


11–12 cm (4¼-4¾ in)


Nominate subspecies
Photo by DABS
Arima, Trinidad, May 2017
  • Dark blue head and breast
  • White lower breast and abdomen
  • White crescent on nape, and rest of upperside is greenish
  • White tail with minimal black edges (juvenile male have solid black end of rectrices)


  • Similar (sometimes identical) but most often differs in being bronze-green above
  • Green feathers on throat and breast having white tips giving a scaly appearance
  • Black subterminal band on tail and tipped white
  • Bill is black and straight, but with drooping tip


The subspecies flabellifera is larger (and see the upper picture).


Female of nominate subspecies
Photo by Pitter
Dapa, Colombia, December 2003

The nominate subspecies is widespread from southern Mexico through Central America (but not Caribbean) to Bolivia and Amazonian Brazil; range includes Trinidad.

Subspecies flabellifera is only known from Tobago.



There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • F. m. mellivora:
  • F. m. flabellifera:


Found in forested areas including edges, from just above sea level to around 1300 meters. A variety of semi-open habitats. More often at canopy than low.



The diet consists of nectar from a variety of flowers, and insects.


Click on photo for larger image


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2017)

Recommended Citation

External Links

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