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Green-and-black Fruiteater - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 21:47, 3 April 2016 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (Taxomony and references)
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Male, Nominate subspecies
Photo by Stanley Jones
Guacamayos Ridge, Napo Province, Ecuador, January 2016
Pipreola riefferii


17·5–20 cm (6¾-7¾ in)

  • Green upperparts
  • Blackish-green hood
  • Partial narrow yellow collar


South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia

Photo by Pitter
Dapa, Valle de Cauca, Colombia, January 2014



There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • P. r. occidentalis:
  • P. r. riefferii:
  • P. r. melanolaema:
  • Andes of western Venezuela (north to southern Lara)
  • P. r. confusa:
  • Andes of eastern Ecuador to Andes of Peru (northern Amazonas)
  • P. r. chachapoyas:
  • Subtropical Central Andes of northern Peru (San Martín)
Male, subspecies occidentalis
Photo by Marc Guyt
Bellavista Lodge, Ecuador, July 2002
  • P. r. tallmanorum:
  • Andes of central Peru (Huánuco)

Subspecies confusa is not recognised by all authorities and has been absorbed into P.r. chachapoyas[5]


Cloud forest with ornamental plantings, forest edges. Observed at heights around 1650-2350 m,



Their main diet consists of fruit.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2014)
  4. BF Member observations
  5. O’Neill, J.P., and T.A. Parker III. 1981. New subspecies of Pipreola riefferii and Chlorospingus ophthalmicus from Peru. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 101: 294-299.

Recommended Citation

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