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Great Tinamou - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 06:36, 7 January 2021 by GlenTepke-1117 (talk | contribs)
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(T. m. fuscipennis)
Photo by: Stanley Jones
La Cinchona, Alajuela Province, Costa Rica, March 2006
(T. m. castaneiceps)
Photo by Glen Tepke
Corcovado National Park, Costa Rica, August 2015
Tinamus major


A large (46cm.) tinamou
Olive-brown above spotted and barred with black, paler and greyer below, flanks barred black, belly whitish and undertail cinnamon. Crown and neck rufous, occipital crest and supercilium blackish. Legs blue-grey.


From southern Puebla, Vera Cruz and Oaxaca in southern Mexico to Panama, and in northern South America from Colombia and Venezuela south to northern Bolivia and western Brazil. Resident.



There are 12 subspecies[1]: Central American Races:

South American Races:


Rainforest and cloud forest from sea-level up to 1,500m and often near water. Nests at the base of a tree and roosts in trees. Fairly common over much of range and less secretive than some other tinamous, though more often heard than seen, usually solitary.



They eat a variety of fruit, seeds and berries.


Plaintive tremulous paired whistles, uttered most often at dawn and dusk.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2014)

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