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Antillean Euphonia - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 21:41, 29 October 2022 by 01101001 (talk | contribs) (typos; minor grammatical mistakes; updated to comply with the Clements Checklist v2022)
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Male of subspecies sclateri
Photo by raulqc
Maricao, Puerto Rico, December 2007
Chlorophonia musica


The female is more or less identical in the three subspecies, mostly greenish with lighter underside and bluish crown and hindneck and a small yellow spot above the bill.

The male in the Lesser Antillean race is more or less identical to the female (this observer has seen both sexes in the Lesser Antilles as more yellowish on the underside than described in the field guide, but does not have the photos to show that). Male of the Puerto Rico form is mostly dark above, with sky-blue crown and rear neck, and rich yellow on the rump, above the bill, and on the underside.

Subspecies flavifrons, sex unknown; females of other subspecies are similar to this
Photo by njlarsen
Syndicate, Dominica, November 2011

Male of the Hispaniolan form is similar to the Puerto Rican form, but the yellow is replaced with a more orange color, and the throat is dark. The combination of color and shape is rather unique within the range.


This species is divided into three subspecies: nominate form is found in Hispaniola and Gonâve Island, sclateri in Puerto Rico, while flavifrons is known from Barbuda, Antigua, Guadeloupe, La Désirade, Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Grenada in the Lesser Antilles. Antillean Euphonia is additionally known as a vagrant from other islands in the Lesser Antilles; it is believed to be extirpated from Saba.


Antillean Euphonia, Elegant Euphonia Chlorophonia elegantissima, and Golden-rumped Euphonia Chlorophonia cyanocephala have previously been considered parts of the same species Euphonia musica.


Three subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • C. m. musica:
  • C. m. sclateri:
  • C. m. flavifrons:

Rumors among Caribbean birdwatchers claim that the data have been obtained but not published (yet) to split the Lesser Antillean form from the Greater Antillean form.


Forested areas both drier and wet and in various elevations.


Feeds mainly on mistletoe berries.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Raffaele et al. 1998. Birds of the West Indies. Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0713649054
  3. BF member personal observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.