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American Dipper - BirdForum Opus

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Alternative name: Water Ouzel

Photo by jvhigbee
Pierce Co., Washington, USA
Cinclus mexicanus

Identification

L. 7-8 1/2" (18-22 cm)

  • Uniform slate-gray
  • Wren-shaped with stubby tail
  • Yellowish feet

Juvenile:

  • Paler overall
  • Mottled underparts

Distribution

From Alaska including Aleutian Islands through western Canada, USA, Mexico and Central America to Panama. Northern population move to lowlands in winter.

Photo by jvhigbee
Lewis County, Washington, USA, June 2005

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 4 subspecies[2]:

  • C. m. unicolor:
  • C. m. mexicanus:
  • Highlands of northern and central Mexico
  • C. m. anthonyi:
  • C. m. ardesiacus:

Habitat

The American Dipper is most often seen in clear, fastrunning mountain streams.

Behavior

When standing on a rock in or near the stream, they often "bob" up and down.

Breeding

Nest is large but normally well hidden[1]

Diet

Food mainly consist of invertebrates living in streams. Dippers often disappear under the surface searching for food.

Vocalization

Song: A loud, bubbling song that carries over the noise of rapids.
Call: A sharp zeet

References

  1. Howell & Webb, 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198540124
  2. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

Recommended Citation

External Links

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