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Yellow-backed Tanager - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies flavicollis
Photo by alexandre vinot
Paracou, French Guiana, July 2007
Hemithraupis flavicollis

Identification

Subspecies melanoxantha
Photo by Xyko Paludo
Mata de São João, BA, Brazil, October 2017

13 cm (5 in)

  • Black upperparts
  • Yellow rump and lower back
  • Small white speculum on wing
  • Bright yellow below the throat and crissum
  • Whitish mottled underparts
  • Bill: black above and pink below

Female: dark olive upperparts; yellow underparts, with greyer flanks. The wings have a broad yellow edge.

Distribution

Central and South America:
Central America: occurs only in Panama
South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 11 subspecies[1]:

  • H. f. ornata: Tropical eastern Panama (Darién) and extreme north-western Colombia
  • H. f. albigularis: Colombia (upper Sinú, lower Cauca, middle Magdalena valleys)
  • H. f. peruana: South-central Colombia to eastern Ecuador and north-eastern Peru (north of Río Marañón)
  • H. f. aurigularis: Extreme south-eastern Colombia to southern Venezuela and northern Brazil
  • H. f. hellmayri: South-eastern Venezuela (eastern Bolívar) to western Guyana (Merumé Mountains)
  • H. f. flavicollis: Suriname, French Guiana and adjacent Brazil north of the Amazon
  • H. f. sororia: Northern Peru (south of Río Marañón)
  • H. f. centralis: South-eastern Peru to northern Bolivia and central Brazil
  • H. f. obidensis: Northern Brazil (along north bank of the lower Amazon in Pará)
  • H. f. melanoxantha: Eastern Brazil (Pernambuco and Bahia)
  • H. f. insignis: outh-Eastern Brazil (Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro)

Habitat

Moist lowland mostly terra firma forests but also sometimes in varzea forests.

Behaviour

Diet

Their diet consists of a variety of arthropds, insects and fruit.

Movements

A resident species.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2014)
  4. Planet of Birds

Recommended Citation

External Links

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