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White-naped Tit - BirdForum Opus

Machlolophus nuchalis
Photo by Jugal Tiwari
Kutch, Gujarat, India, October, 2008

Sometimes called the White-winged Tit, leading to easy confusion with the African Parus (Melaniparus) leucomelas.


A distinctively pied tit with a total length of 12 cm (5 in). Underparts faintly yellow-tinged.


The White-naped Tit is endemic to India, occupying a restricted range with two isolated populations. The first, and best known, occurs in an area of north-western India: central and south-central Rajasthan (Jodhpur, Nagaur, Jaipur, Ajmer, Pali, Jalore and Sirohi districts), Kutch and northern Gujarat (Banas Kantha and Mahesana districts).

The second is in southern India: the Eastern Ghats west of Nellore in Andhra Pradesh, west-central and south Karnataka (Dharwad district and Bangalore districts), and northern Tamil Nadu (Periyar district).

Photo by Jugal Tiwari
Phot mahadeo Kutch, Gujarat, India, December 2007


Formerly placed in the genus Parus.


Dry thorn-scrub forest and dry deciduous forest. May enter gardens or irrigated crop fields.
Status Habitat loss represents a serious problem. It has undergone a rapid decline, with populations now being severely fragmented. It is listed as Vulnerable by BirdLife International.


It nests and roosts in old woodpecker holes. Breeding takes place from May to August, after the monsoon rains.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

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