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Violet-crowned Hummingbird - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Lisa W
Paton's Hummingbird House, Patagonia, Arizona, USA
Ramosomyia violiceps

Leucolia violiceps
Amazilia violiceps


11.5cm. Pure white underside, red bill with a black tip, dull grey-green to bronze-green back and tail, bright blue-violet crown.


South-west USA to Mexico.


This is a polytypic species[1] consisting of 2 subspecies.

Violet-crowned Hummingbird is sometimes placed in genus Agyrtria.


  • R. v. ellioti

Semiarid southwestern US to western Mexico (Jalisco and Guanajuato)

  • R. v. violiceps

Southwestern Mexico


Sycamore and cottonwood woods along streams in desert canyons.


The diet includes nectar and insects caught on the wing.

The female builds a nest in a shrub or tree and 2 white eggs are laid.


  1. Clements, J. F., P. C. Rasmussen, T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, A. Spencer, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2023. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2023. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Wethington, S. M. (2021). Violet-crowned Hummingbird (Leucolia violiceps), version 1.1. In Birds of the World (Editor not available). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.vichum.01.1

Recommended Citation

External Links

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