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Trocaz Pigeon - BirdForum Opus

Photo by binus1963
Palheiro Gardens, Madeira,

Alternative name: Long-Toed Pigeon, Madeira Laurel-pigeon

Columba trocaz


38–40 cm (15-15¾ in)

  • Grey overall plumage
  • Pink breast
  • Silvery neck patch
  • Red toes
  • White tail stripe
  • Red bill

Female is smaller than the male but not easily distinguished in the field.


Photo by markm
Madeira, April 2018



This is a monotypic species[1].


Mountain laurel forests, often in the clouds.



They nest in caves (sometimes trees or amongst the heath); their clutch contains 1 or 2 white eggs. Both sexes incubate the egg and feed the young.


The diet consists mostly of fruit, particularly laurel berries, leaves and grain; they also feed on cabbages.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Madeira Birds
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Apr 2018)

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