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Terrestrial Brownbul - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Terrestrial Bulbul

Phyllastrephus terrestris
Photo by Alan Manson
Ngwenya, adjacent to Kruger National Park, South Africa, September 2007


Upper parts dark brown with ginger-brown lower back and rump. Throat white, breast and belly pale creamy yellow, and flanks brownish yellow. Eyes red to red-brown with a narrow white eye-ring.

Easiest to locate and identfy by call (see Behaviour).


Sub-Saharan Africa: Angola, Namibia, Zambia, DRC, Malawi, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, eSwatini.


Phyllastrephus terrestris has three subspecies:1

  • P.t. terrestris
  • P.t. intermedius
  • P.t. suahelicus


Understory of forests, thickets and dense scrub.


Forages in small groups, mainly for invertebrates, but also small reptiles, fruit, seeds and nectar. Often located by noisy flicking of leaf litter or harsh, churring "wakkity-wakkity-wakkity" alarm calls.


Monogamous and territorial. The nest is an untidy cup of plant material built by both sexes, usually 1-2 m above the ground in a bush or thicket. Two to three egges are laid and incubated by both sexes for about 13 days.


  1. Clements JF. 2007. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2008. Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801445019
  2. Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Robert's Birds of Southern Africa, 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533
  3. Sinclair I & Ryan P. 2003. Birds of Africa south of the Sahara. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0620207299

Recommended Citation

External Links

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