- Agelaius humeralis
19–22 cm (7½-8¾ in)
- Glossy black overall plumage
- Tawny upperwing-coverts
- Dark brown iris
- Black bill and legs
Female similar but lacks gloss and has a smaller epaulette
Subspecies scopolus has smaller epaulettes and a smaller and thinner bill.
- A. h. scopulus:
- Cayo Cantiles (off southern Cuba)
- A. h. humeralis:
- Cuba and Haiti
Open woodland, woodland edges, farmland and rice fields.
Their diet consists mainly of insects, such as bees, arthropods, small lizards and seeds. They also eat fruit and nectar.
Monogamous. The female takes most responsibility for constructing the nest, which is cup-shaped, made from dried grass, moss, twigs, hair and feathers. It is positioned in tree or palm, usually near water.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Fraga, R. (2020). Tawny-shouldered Blackbird (Agelaius humeralis), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.tasbla.01
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Tawny-shouldered Blackbird. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 5 December 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Tawny-shouldered_Blackbird