Alternative name: Eurasian Stone-curlew
- Burhinus oedicnemus
40–44 cm (15¾-17¼ in)
- Plumage sandy-brown, streaked darker
- Black and white markings on the wings
- Black-tipped yellow bill
- Large yellow iris
- Prominent joints in long yellow or green legs
Western Palearctic, tropical north Africa and Asia.
There are 5 subspecies:
- B. o. distinctus:
- Western Canary Islands
- B. o. insularum:
- Eastern Canary Islands
- B. o. saharae:
- B. o. oedicnemus:
- Southern Britain and Iberian Peninsula to northern Balkans and Caucasus
- B. o. harterti:
Indian Thick-knee was formerly considered a subspecies of this species.
Breeds on dry sparsely vegetated open ground. On migration may be seen on sea coasts.
Mostly nocturnal. Outside the breeding season they can gather in large flocks.
The diet includes insects, small invertebrates and lizards.
The nest is a bare ground scrape. Two, maybe 3 eggs are laid. They are heavily blotched and streaked with brownish markings on a buff background.
Call: a Eurasian Curlew-like coo-lee
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Collins Pocket Guide to British Birds 1966
- Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
- Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
- The Observer's Book of Birds' Eggs 0723200602
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Eurasian Thick-knee. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 6 June 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Eurasian_Thick-knee
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