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Spot-crowned Woodcreeper - BirdForum Opus

Lepidocolaptes affinis
Photo by SeanKP
Photo taken: Costa Rica.


21.5 cm. Spotted crown, olive brown upperparts with fine streaking on the upper back, a chestnut rump, wings and tail, and heavily streaked olive-brown underparts. The bill is slender and decurved. Young birds are duller with less distinct streaking and crown spots. The call is a squeaky deeik and the song is a trill and rattle deeeeeeah hihihihihi.

Similar Species

Spot-crowned Woodcreeper is very similar to Streak-headed Woodcreeper, but is larger, has a spotted crown, and is the only woodcreeper found at high altitudes.


Central Mexico to northern Panama.


Three subspecies are recognized:[1]


Mountains from 1000 m to the timberline in mossy forest and adjacent semi-open woodland and clearings.


  • Breeding: It builds a leaf-lined nest in a tree cavity or old woodpecker or barbet hole, and lays 2 white eggs.
  • Diet: includes spiders and insects; it creeps up trunks and extracting its prey from the bark or mosses. It will join mixed-species feeding flocks.


  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.

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