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Spot-breasted Oriole - BirdForum Opus

Icterus pectoralis
Photo by blubird
Photo taken: La Ensenade, Gulfo de Nicoya, Costa Rica.


Length 21-24cm.
Adult - Bright orange, black back, mask, throat, and spots on breast; wings are black with large white patches. Tail is black. Long, pointed black bill with silvery base to lower mandible, long tail, dark eyes, blue grey legs. Sexes similar.
Immature - similar to adult, but paler yellow-orange, with olive-green back and tail, dusky wings, and little or no black on face, throat, or breast.


Mexico, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Introduced to Florida.


Two subspecies are recognized:[1]


Open woodlands, dry scrub, forest edges, and around ranches and villages, parks, suburbs, and gardens.


  • Diet: Forages in shrubs and trees for insects, fruits, berries and nectar.
  • Breeding: Builds a long, hanging pouch woven of fibres and thin roots, suspended in the fork of a tree branch. The eggs are white with black and purple scrawls.


  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.

Recommended Citation

External Links

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